10 February 2023
About the Training Course
While it is well recognized that the ocean plays a critical role in climate variability, seasonal-to-decadal climate forecast as well as weather forecast, it is paramount to remember that the evaluation of all models allowing us to understand ocean’s role in the weather/climate system relies on ocean observations to improve their skill and to enable them to provide reliable information. Well ground-truthed models are also essential for guiding national and international policies that relate to resources such as fisheries, aquaculture or water supply as well as warning systems and a variety of coastal applications such as energy production, recreation, pollution and more.
Thus the quality of the weather and climate services as well as the assessment of the current state of the ocean ecosystem regionally and locally, relies on a comprehensive and timely set of ocean observations. The ocean observing system is used by an increasingly diverse user group from fundamental underpinning ocean research to real-time numerical weather forecast, near-term prediction services, all the way to governmental and non-governmental management and policy making.
The biggest challenge in ocean observing is that the ocean properties vary on a number of spatio-temporal scales and it is necessary to obtain high quality, high resolution measurements across all these scales in order to inform this ever-increasing portfolio of needs. Ocean technology has leapt to the aid of scientists by providing them with cost-effective sensors that can take autonomous measurements of essential ocean variables with the aim of improving data coverage worldwide and therefore complement efforts carried out by traditional ship-based sampling.
However, there remains a gap between the technology and the end-user. This gap is born primarily out of lack of training in sensors’ use as well as disconnect between data gathering and data quality assurance as required for various applications across the ocean domain.
Focused on biogeochemical Essential Ocean Variables and to help train the new generation of marine observers in the appropriate use of a suite of biogeochemical sensors and to assure the best possible quality of the data produced, the IOCCP and the Integrated Carbon Observation System Ocean Thematic Centre (ICOS OTC) will hold a 14-day training workshop on "Instrumenting our ocean for better observation: a training course on a suite of biogeochemical sensors".
Building on the success of the First Training Course held in 2015 and the Second Training Course held in 2019, we decided to respond to the growing demand of the global ocean marine biogeochemistry observing community for expanding the correct usage of and generation of information from a suite of autonomous biogeochemical sensors.
This intensive workshop will provide trainees with lectures and hands-on experience across the whole spectrum of operations from deployment and interfacing, through troubleshooting and calibration, to data reduction, quality control and data management. In addition, participants will be given an overview of the use of remote sensing, modelling and smart data extrapolation techniques to broaden their perspectives and effectively open new avenues for exciting research ideas and collaborations. While teaching established best practices for selected biogeochemical sensors and autonomous measurement systems, Course instructors will provide ample guidelines and practical tips regarding specific reporting requirements (e.g. meta-data, calibration, validation, error estimates, formats, etc.). This training course is ideally suited for the next generation of users of large scale biogeochemical ocean observation networks centred around profiling floats, moorings and gliders as well as research and commercial vessels.
Perhaps most importantly, as stated consistently by the participants of previous editions in their evaluations, the course provides a unique opportunity to form a tight and long-lasting network of biogeochemical sensor users, combining experts with beginners, coming from a wide range of countries on all continents and representing groups and communities in various phases of technical, logistical and financial development. The importance of networking enabled by this workshop will be revealed in short, medium and long term strengthening our community as a whole and every individual involved.
Course Program & Lecturers
Course program and format
The course program will consist of lectures, practicals and group assignments and is designed around the following specific objectives:
- Teach best practices for biogeochemical sensors with the aim of improving the data currently generated encompassing all steps from pre-deployment calibration to data synthesis and dissemination.
- Work on data reduction and data quality control practices for sensor data, including specific reporting requirements (e.g. meta-data, calibration, validation, error estimates, formats, etc.).
- Present selected methods (statistical modelling, intelligent data exploration techniques) and tools (remote sensing data, mathematical model outputs) for the development of secondary data products (parameter distribution maps, fluxes and budgets).
- Foster critical thinking regarding the design of an optimum sampling strategy dedicated to solving specific problem.
- Develop the ability to place specific observing activity in the wider context of local, regional and global ocean’s role in climate, operational services and ocean health.
During the course, we will focus on sensors related to five groups of parameters:
- Oxygen - with optode and electrochemical sensors,
- Particulate Organic Carbon - with e.g. fluorometer, backscatter and radiometers,
- pH - with a range of sensors available: a) colorimetric reagent method, b) field effect transistor type sensor, and also c) benchtop surface application,
- pCO2 - with a range of sensors available: a) membrane based sensors with NDIR, b) colorimetric, c) otpodes, and d) underway General Oceanic system
- Nitrate - with spectrophotometric and colorimetric reagent method sensors
During hands-on sessions, participants will be divided into groups, each assisted by 1-2 dedicated instructor(s). Groups will take turns in exchanging sensors used in the practical sessions of the course. Ultimately and regardless of prior experience with any or none of the sensors, each participant will receive basic training for all sensors that the course focuses on. As preparation for the course, participants will be requested to familiarise themselves with a number of background documents and videos to enable the most effective use of time during the Course.
The course agenda and an overview description of the course sessions will be made available in early 2023.
The final list of instructors will be confirmed in the first quarter of 2023, along with a draft course agenda. Our course instructors are experts with great experience in the application of biogeochemical sensors and marine biogeochemistry research in general. Each will be present during the course as a lecturer and/or practical session instructor. We have arranged for the experts to stay in Kristineberg for a few days to give the course participants the opportunity to interact with leaders in the field both in a formal and informal setting. Our list of already confirmed lecturers includes the following names:
Research Associate - Ocean Science & Technology, Chemical Oceanography
Ocean Frontier Institute (OFI), Dalhousie University
Dariia (Dasha) Atamanchuk is a Research Associate at the Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, Canada. Dariia holds a PhD in Marine Chemistry from University of Gothenburg, Sweden, and have been involved in the oceanographic sensor development for the most part of her doctoral and postdoctoral work. Her research focuses on the use of sensors and autonomous platforms for sustained biogeochemical ocean observations. She’s a research scientist on the SeaCycler project, an autonomous underwater winch profiler, and the Volunteer Observing Ship project (VOS) at Dalhousie University. Dariia collaborates nationally and internationally with industry and institutional partners (NOAA-PMEL, Scripps, GEOMAR, MUN, etc). Her scientific interests cover air-sea fluxes, ocean productivity measurements, mechanisms of supply and transport of CO2 and oxygen in the Northwest Atlantic and the Labrador Sea, in particular. Dariia maintains her involvement in international inter-comparison exercises of submersible, underway and bench-top instrumentation for dissolved gases, carbonate system measurements and nutrients.
Professor - Marine Chemistry
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
University of California, San Diego, USA
|Andrew Dickson is a professor of marine chemistry at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego. Since the 1990s he has played a key role in improving measurements of oceanic CO2 system properties, and leads a program to prepare, certify, and distribute CO2 reference materials to the world’s marine scientists. His research interests include: ocean acidification, quality control of oceanic carbon dioxide measurements, biogeochemistry of the upper ocean, marine inorganic chemistry, thermodynamics of electrolyte solutions, and the analytical chemistry of carbon dioxide in seawater. He has participated in a wide variety of training workshops aimed at improving seawater CO2 measurement capacity around the world.|
CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere
Craig Neill has been working as a research engineer at CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere in Hobart, Australia since 2009, where he has developed new technology for ocean carbon measurements and underway observing systems on ships. From 2003-2009 he was at the Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research in Bergen where he developed one of the first systems for accurate multipoint calibration of oxygen optodes. From 1994 – 2003 he ran a small company in Seattle developing, manufacturing and utilising numerous systems for measurement of dissolved gasses in the ocean, including TCO2, CFC’s, SF6 and an underway pCO2 system which has ben used as the basis for one of the most common commercial systems (General Oceanics). At Brookhaven National Laboratory (1992-1994) he developed a system for measuring pCO2 of discreet water samples. Craig’s work has always been very hands on, having participated in over 50 research cruises. He has a BS in Physics from Washington State University.
Craig maintains an ongoing interest in best practices and education. He was a member of the Scientific Steering Committee and lecturer at the 2015 IOCCP Sensors Summer Course and a is a contributor to the Guide to Best Practices for Ocean CO2 Measurements.
Product Manager & Scientific Advisor
Xylem/Aanderaa Data Instruments AS
Ellen M. Briggs
Assistant Professor - Ocean & Resources Engineering
University of Hawai’i at Mānoa
Honolulu, HI, USA
Ellen Briggs is an assistant professor at the University of Hawaii at Manoa in the Ocean and Resources Engineering Department. In her lab, the group specializes in the development of sensors for in-situ monitoring of the aqueous carbon dioxide system, with special focus on developing a dual pH and Total Alkalinity sensor utilizing ion sensitive field effect transistor (ISFET) technology.
Professor - Marine Chemistry
Leibniz Institut für Ostseeforschung Warnemünde (IOW)
|Gregor Rehder holds a professorship for Marine Chemistry at the Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde (IOW), where he is heading the Working Group for Trace Gas Biogeochemistry. Ever since his PhD work at the University of Kiel/GEOMAR in 1996, his work has focused on the cycling of environmentally relevant gases in the marine system, with a special focus on methane and the carbon system. Within this framework, his work has covered all ranges of concentrations from the subnanomolar background concentrations of methane in the ocean to the dissolution kinetics of methane and carbon dioxide gas hydrates, droplets and bubbles in the deep sea. Transport phenomena and phase transition processes have always played a dominant role in this research. Working on air-sea exchange of gases throughout his career, he is currently PI of the VOS Finnmaid, recording pCO2, pCH4, pO2 (and soon also pN2O) across the Baltic Sea as contribution to the ocean theme of the European Research Infrastructure ICOS (Integrated Carbon Observation System). He is coordinator of the European integrated project BONUS INTEGRAL (https://www.io-warnemuende.de/integral-home.html), which is co-organizing the training course.|
Assistant Professor - Oceanography, University of Washington
NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory
Seattle, WA, USA
Adrienne is an Oceanographer at NOAA’s Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) and an Affiliate Assistant Professor at University of Washington’s School of Oceanography in Seattle, U.S. Her research group focuses on advancing our understanding of the ocean carbon cycle and how it is changing over time. Her team maintains almost 40 moored autonomous time series around the globe in open ocean and coastal ecosystems that track air-sea CO2 exchange and ocean acidification. Her recent publications focus on characterizing natural variability and long-term anthropogenic trends using time series observations and models, uncertainty in observation-based CO2 flux estimates, and modern-day exposure of marine organisms to corrosive carbonate chemistry conditions. Adrienne also collaborates with her team and PMEL engineers on observing technology development. This team was part of the first autonomous circumnavigation of Antarctica in 2019 and has transferred two autonomous air-sea pCO2 observing technologies to industry and nonprofit partners.
Adrienne is incredibly passionate about mentoring the next generation of oceanographers, especially those underrepresented in the ocean sciences and also has experience in science communication and policy. Adrienne’s dedication to marine biogeochemistry will no doubt help IOCCP provide our services to the community via a variety of well-designed and efficiently implemented activities.
Assistant Professor - Geosciences
High Meadows Environmental Institute, Princeton University
Princeton, New Jersey, USA
Laure is a biogeochemical oceanographer. Her research goals are to understand how climate and ocean physics influence marine biogeochemistry and ecosystems and how these changes can in turn impact the Earth climate. Prof. Resplandy's approach is to design and develop numerical models (from ocean regions to global climate system) and statistical tools to interpret in-situ and satellite observations.
Scientist - Oceanography
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
Moss Landing, CA, USA
Yui received his PhD in Oceanography from the University of California, San Diego. Yui’s main research interests are to develop and apply autonomous sensing technology to observe marine biogeochemical cycles in situ. Most recently, Yui was a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Carnegie Institution for Science, Department of Global Ecology, at Stanford. Yui has received several honors, including the Excellence in Partnership Award from the National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP), the University of California San Diego Directors Fellowship, and the undergraduate academic honor cum laude.
Scientist - Earth Observation
National Institute of Oceanography and Applied Geophysics - OGS
|Giorgio Dall’Olmo is a scientist in the field of Earth Observations, since 2022 working at the National Institute of Oceaography and Applied Geophysics (OGS)specializing in Earth Observations, previously at the Plymouth Marine Laboratory (UK) in 2010-2021. Giorgio holds a PhD from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln during which he developed remote-sensing algorithms for estimating chlorophyll-a concentrations in turbid productive waters. After obtaining his doctoral degree, Giorgio moved to Oregon State University to investigate phytoplankton physiology in the open ocean using remote sensing and in-situ optical measurements. Besides his longstanding passion for marine optics, Giorgio’s main research interest is investigating ocean biology and biogeochemistry by exploiting data from remote sensing and Biogeochemical-Argo floats. Giorgio leads the UK Biogeochemical-Argo programme and is a member of the Biogeochemical-Argo International Steering Team.|
Scientist - Ocean Biogeochemistry and Ecosystems
National Oceanography Centre (NOC)
|Nathan Briggs is a postdoctoral researcher at the National Oceanography Centre in Southampton, UK. Nathan has been working since 2007 on bio-optical oceanography, and biogeochemistry, and he has developed new techniques for quantifying particle sizes and fluxes using optical backscattering and fluorescence sensors. Nathan obtained his PhD in 2014 from the University of Maine, USA, where he gained a strong foundation in bio-optical sensor technologies, including as a student and later a teaching assistant for the intensive four-week Ocean Optics Summer Class. Nathan obtained a US National Science Foundation fellowship for his first post-doc at the Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche-sur-mer, France, to study the biological carbon pump using Biogeochemical Argo floats, and he is currently doing similar work using autonomous gliders.|
Senior Researcher - Chemical Oceanography
NORCE Norwegian Research Centre
|Ingunn Skjelvan is a senior researcher at NORCE Norwegian Research Centre in Bergen, Norway. She holds a PhD in Chemical Oceanography from the University of Bergen, Norway, and has for more than 20 years worked with the marine inorganic carbon cycle through national and EU projects like e.g. ESOP1 and 2, TRACTOR, CARBOOCEAN, EUROBASIN, and FixO3. Her research focuses on temporal variability of the carbon cycle, drivers of the observed changes, and ocean acidification (OA), which is examined by combined use of observations from fixed stations and volunteer observing ships (VOS). Skjelvan started timeseries measurements of inorganic carbon at the ocean weather station M in the Norwegian Sea in 2001. She is involved in the EU infrastructure project ICOS (Integrated Carbon Observatory System) as a VOS PI and in OTC (Ocean Thematic Centre of ICOS) as PI for station evaluation and certification. Further, Skjelvan is contributing to a Norwegian governmental OA monitoring program, and she is involved in several initiatives focusing on knowledge exchange and building of competence in African countries.|
Director - International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project
institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Science (IO PAN)
Maciej Telszewski holds a PhD in Marine Biogeochemistry from the University of East Anglia (Norwich, UK), where he worked with surface ocean carbon data to develop an efficient neural network algorithm allowing basin scale mapping of this parameter in the North Atlantic. He then moved to Japan, where he joined a research group at the National Institute for Environmental Studies (Tsukuba) to further improve the statistical computing approach. His work resulted in successful mapping of surface carbon and nutrients fields in the North Pacific accompanied by fluxes estimates included in the RECCAP synthesis (http://www.globalcarbonproject.org/reccap/). Throughout his research carrier he was actively involved in field campaigns, contributing surface measurements to the Surface Ocean CO2 Observing Network (SOCONET) and ocean interior measurements to the Global Ocean Ship-based Hydrographic Investigations Program (GO-SHIP, http://www.go-ship.org/).
In 2011 Maciej joined the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (Paris, France) initially as a Deputy Director of the International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP, http://www.ioccp.org/index.php ) and since mid-2012 as IOCCP’s Project Director (and Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) Biogeochemistry Expert Panel Executive Officer). In this role he coordinates the highly diverse set of ocean carbon and biogeochemistry activities through extensive collaboration and dialogue with the scientific community via national and international organizations, scientific steering committees, scientific workshops, and expert meetings.
APPLICATIONS OPEN until 10 February 2023
The course will be limited to a total of 28 participants at a PhD / early-career level, with large prospects for utilizing the course experience to advance their ongoing or planned research projects and their scientific career in general. Previous editions attracted 100 (2015) and 140 (2019) applicants, and the 28 participants were selected through a competitive process at the discretion of the organisers. We make every effort to attract the widest possible range of applicants allowing us to train a truly representative set of participants.
Due to the current, rather unpredictable, global financial situation related to raising prices in general and energy prices in particular, we can only provide an estimated cost of attendance at the Course. The Course venue management indicated that accommodation and meals prices might increase in early 2023.
Beyond renting the Station, which is covered by IOCCP and our co-sponsors, the approximate cost of a 14-day stay in Kristineberg will be (all prices are inclusive of VAT and are given in EUR for simplicity as the organisers will operate in this currency):
- Accommodation: 340 EUR
- Meals - full board: 360 EUR
- Registration Fee: 300 EUR
- Cost of air and ground transportation which varies for each participant
Limited financial support will be awarded to selected participants to cover one or more elements listed above. This will be done based on the quality of the application, the need for support expressed therein and availability of funds. Please note that any financial support awarded will NOT include costs related to health insurance or visa application/processing fees.
To apply please fill out and submit the online application form (Google Form) below. Please follow the instructions given in the form.
Offline Application Form available for download from here:
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Sponsors & Organisers
WE THANK OUR CO-SPONSORS FOR THEIR EXCEPTIONAL GENEROSITY!!!
The Organizing Committee is composed of the following members:
IOCCP - Director
institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Science (IO PAN)
Research Associate - Ocean Science & Technology, Chemical Oceanography
Ocean Frontier Institute (OFI), Dalhousie University
Researcher - Marine biogeochemistry; ICOS OTC
GEOMAR | Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
IOCCP - Project Officer
Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Science (IO PAN)
Venue & Logistics
More information on the course logistics will be available in due time. The course will be held at the Kristineberg Center for Marine Research and Innovation, in Kristineberg, Sweden: https://kristinebergcenter.com/in-english/
Location and areal view of the course venue.
Kristineberg is located at the mouth of the Gullmar fjord, with easy access to coastal habitats and open sea. The Gullmar fjord is 30 km long with a maximum depth of 118 m. Key features that makes this an important marine environment are the excellent water quality with three rather distinct water-masses; surface water of varying salinity depending on the mixture of local runoff and water from the Baltic and Kattegat/Skagerrak surface water, inter-mediate layer dominated by Skagerrak surface water and high saline bottom water from the North Sea at greater depths.
Kristineberg, Fiskebäckskil (municipality of Lysekil)
SE-451 78 Fiskebäckskil, Sweden
Phone: 46 31 786 95 00